A postcard depiction of the General Motors Electro-Motive Division plant at LaGrange, Illinois, circa 1937. Click to enlarge.

(J.G. Stoll Company, Chicago, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)




U.S.A. Active Companies 

Brookville Equipment Corporation

Process Locomotives


Electro-Motive Diesel

GE Transportation

Harsco Corporation (now Enviri)

Katiland Trains

Kloke Locomotive Works

Knoxville Locomotive Works 

Merrick Light Railway


Motive Power & Equipment Solutions

National Railway Equipment Company

NS Juniata Locomotive Shop (Thoroughbred Mechanical Services)

Progress Rail

Quality Rail Service Corporation

Railserve Leaf

RELCO Locomotives

Republic Transportation Systems (Republic Locomotive)

Siemens Mobility

Train Rides Unlimited

Tweetsie Railroad - official source for Crown Metal Products parts


Western Train Co - Amusement Rides Manufacturer specializing in Locomotives, Carousels, and Railroad Installation


U.S.A. Defunct Companies

In addition to these, many railroads operating steam locomotives built locomotives in their shops. Notable examples include the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Mount Clare Shops, Norfolk and Western's Roanoke Shops, Pennsylvania Railroad's Altoona Works and the Southern Pacific's Sacramento Shops. An estimate of total steam locomotive production in the United States is about 175,000 engines, including nearly 70,000 by Baldwin.


Altoona Machine Shops (PRR)

American Locomotive Company (ALCO)

Amoskeag Locomotive Works

Appomattox Locomotive Works – operated by Uriah Wells

Atlas Car and Manufacturing Company

Baldwin Locomotive Works – later known as Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton

Bell Locomotive Works – New York City and Bloomsburg, PA 

Brooks Locomotive Works - to ALCO in 1901

Budd Company

Burr and Ettinger

Miniature Railway Company – also known as Cagney Bros.

Cincinnati Locomotive Works – also known as Harkness and as Moore & Richardson

Climax Manufacturing Company

Cooke Locomotive and Machine Works - began as Danforth Locomotive & Machine Co., later Danforth, Cooke, & Co., to ALCO in 1901

Covington Locomotive Works

Crown Metal Products

Custom Fabricators

Davenport Locomotive Works


Dickson Manufacturing Company - to ALCO in 1901

Dunkirk Engineering Company

Eastwick and Harrison

Euclid Road Machinery Company



U.S.A. Defunct Companies (Cont.)

Globe Locomotive Works

Glover Locomotive Works

Grant Locomotive Works

H.K. Porter, Inc. – Smith & Porter, later Porter, Bell & Co.

Heisler Locomotive Works

Hicks Locomotive and Car Works

Hinkley Locomotive Works

Hurlbut Amusement Co.

Ingalls Shipbuilding

J. G. Brill (Interurbans Streetcars)

Kentucky Locomotive Works

Lancaster Locomotive Works

Lawrence Machine Shop

Lima Locomotive Works – later Lima-Hamilton, then Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton

Locks and Canals Machine Shop

Lowell Machine Shop

Manchester Locomotive Works - to ALCO in 1901

Mason Machine Works

McQueen Locomotive Works

MK Rail


Mount Savage Locomotive Works

Nashville Manufacturing Company

New Castle Manufacturing Company

New Jersey Locomotive and Machine Company – began as Swinburne, Smith and Company

New York Locomotive Works – also known as Breese, Kneeland & Company

Niles and Company

Norris Locomotive Works

Ottaway Amusement Company

Pittsburgh Locomotive and Car Works - to ALCO in 1901

Plymouth Locomotive Works

Portland Company

RailPower Technologies

Rhode Island Locomotive Works - to ALCO in 1901

Richmond Locomotive Works - to ALCO in 1901

Roanoke East End Shops

Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works – began as Rogers, Ketchum & Grosvenor, to ALCO in 1905

Rome Locomotive Works – New York

Ross Winans Locomotive Works

Schenectady Locomotive Works - later became American Locomotive Company (ALCO)

St. Louis Car Company

Swinburne, Smith and Company

Sygnet Rail Technologies

T. H. Paul & Sons

Talbott and Brother Iron Works

Taunton Locomotive Manufacturing Company

Tredegar Iron Works

Union Iron Works

United Aircraft

Virginia Locomotive and Car Works – also known as Smith & Perkins

Vulcan Iron Works

Wasatch Railroad Contractors – builder of brand-new 15 in (381 mm) gauge Cagney replica steam locomotives

West Point Foundry

Westinghouse Electric Corporation (WEMCO)

Whitcomb Locomotive Works

Ernst Wiener Co., New York


Canada Active companies

Bombardier Transportation – Berlin-based division of Alstom (no locomotives produced in Canada)

Railpower Technologies – Vancouver, British Columbia – subsidiary of R.J. Corman Railroad Group since 2009

Canada Defunct companies

Canadian Locomotive Company – Kingston, Ontario – Fairbanks-Morse (Canada) Ltd 1965 and ceased operations 1969

General Motors Diesel Division – London, Ontario – later as Electro-Motive Diesel Canadian operations and ceased production by         Progress Rail in 2012

Montreal Locomotive Works – Montreal, Quebec – formerly part of American Locomotive Company, acquired by Bombardier Inc in         1975 but ended locomotive production 1985

Urban Transportation Development Corporation – Toronto, Ontario – former Crown corporation



See Also: