PRR E8A 5806 with the Broadway Limited at 75th St, Chicago, IL on March 31, 1964.

(Photo by Roger Puta, railfan 44, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)



The Broadway Limited was a passenger train operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) between New York City and Chicago. It operated from 1912 to 1995. It was the Pennsylvania's premier train, competing directly with the New York Central Railroad's 20th Century Limited. The Broadway Limited continued operating after the formation of Penn Central (PC) in February 1968, one of the few long-distance trains to do so. PC conveyed the train to Amtrak in 1971, who operated it until 1995. The train's name referred not to Broadway in Manhattan, but rather to the "broad way" of PRR's four-track right-of-way along the majority of its route.


A postcard depicting an early version of the Broadway Limited: "Speed and Security". Click to enlarge.

(Public domain via W. Lenheim Collection)



Pennsylvania Railroad

The Pennsylvania Special was one of nine express trains the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) operated between New York City and Chicago. On November 14, 1912, PRR renamed it the Broadway Limited, to avoid confusion with the similarly-named Pennsylvania Limited. The name, though spelled as "Broadway", honored PRR's four-track "broad way" main line. In the heavyweight era the Broadway Limited was an extra-fare, all sleeper (no coach service) train with an open-platform observation car at the end, such as Continental Hall and Washington Hall. The scheduled running time was 20 hours until it was reduced to 18 hours in 1932. Further reductions took place between 1932 and 1935, with the final heavyweight running time at 16 hours, 30 minutes.

On June 15, 1938, the Broadway Limited received lightweight streamlined cars to replace its heavyweight steel cars; on the same day rival New York Central Railroad's (NYC) 20th Century Limited was streamlined. Raymond Loewy styled the new cars and the PRR GG1 electric locomotive as well as some streamlined steam locomotives for PRR, notably the S1 and T1 Duplex drive engines. The Broadway Limited was one of four pre-World War II PRR trains to receive such equipment; the others being the General (New York–Chicago), Spirit of St. Louis (New York–St. Louis), and Liberty Limited (Washington–Chicago). Other PRR trains continued to use heavyweight cars until after the end of World War II. Most of the 1938 cars were built new by Pullman-Standard between March and May of that year, but the diners, RPO and baggage cars were rebuilt from heavyweight cars by the railroad's Altoona shops. The Broadway Limited was the only PRR train to be completely re-equipped with lightweight sleeping cars before World War II. The train's running time was further reduced to 16 hours.


Photo of one of the sleeper suites on the Broadway Limited in day mode, 18 November 1949. Click to enlarge. (Al Paul Lefton Company, Phildelphia-photographer-A.F. Sozio, New York, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)

Photo of a sleeper suite in day mode on the Broadway Limited, 7 September 1949. Click to enlarge. (Pennsylvania Railroad copy-Al Paul Lefton Company, Philadelphia/photographer: A. F. Sozio, New York, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)

Photo of the upper portion of a Broadway Limited duplex sleeper in day mode, November 1949. Click to enlarge. (Al Paul Lefton Company, Philadelphia, photographer-A.F. Sozio, New York., Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)



Photo of a duplex bedroom of the Broadway Limited sleeping cars. 6 April 1949. Click to enlarge. (Photographer A.F.Sozio, New York, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)

In 1949 PRR again re-equipped the Broadway Limited with new streamlined equipment. The all-sleeper train carried compartments, bedrooms, duplex rooms, roomettes for a single occupant and drawing rooms for three persons. The buffet-lounge-observation cars built by Pullman Standard were named Mountain View and Tower View. They had squared-off observation ends, instead of the tapered or rounded ends in the 1938 version, and contained two master rooms with radio and showers.

Also introduced was a twin-unit dining car and a mid-train lounge car, such as Harbor Rest, described by a PRR brochure as "cheerful, spacious ... richly appointed for leisure with deep, soft carpets ... latest periodicals are in the libraries." The February 1956 Official Guide listed the westbound Broadway Limited (Train 29) consist as having fourteen cars normally assigned: nine sleeping cars between New York and Chicago, one additional sleeping car from New York continuing through to Los Angeles on the Santa Fe's Super Chief, the twin-unit dining car, lounge car, and observation car. The train departed New York at 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time and arrived at Chicago the following morning at 9:00 a.m. Central Time.

The Broadway Limited was not immune to the decline in passenger rail transport, though it resisted longer than most. The competitor 20th Century Limited began carrying coaches in 1957. The PRR in October 1957 eliminated the train's transcontinental sleeping cars connecting with the original California Zephyr and the Santa Fe's Super Chief. Factors in the termination were declining ridership, and in the case of the Super Chief the time-consuming transfer of a sleeping car between Union Station, which the PRR used, and Dearborn Station, which the Santa Fe used. In late 1967, when the Illinois Central Railroad's Panama Limited also began carrying coaches, the Broadway Limited became the last "all-Pullman" train in the United States, a distinction that did not last long. PRR merged the Broadway Limited with the General on December 13, 1967. The train was one of the few long-distance trains to survive the merger of PRR and NYC into the Penn Central (PC). Also, the train began stopping at some smaller cities it had bypassed until then.


Observation car Mountain View built in 1948 by Pullman-Standard for the Pennsylvania Railroad's crack Broadway Limited New York—Chicago (U.S.) train, at Union Station in July of 1963. Click to enlarge. (User: JGHowes, photographer, using a Kodak Starmite camera., Attribution, via Wikimedia Commons)


A postcard depiction of the PRR's Broadway Limited racing the NYC's 20th Century Limited. Click to enlarge. (Image Courtesy Chuckman's Nostalgia,


PRR 5853 with the westbound Broadway Limited, Englewood, IL, April 21, 1965. Click to enlarge. (Photo by Roger Puta, railfan 44, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)

A PRR Broadway Limited ad from Colliers Magazine. Click to enlarge. (Public domain, via W. Lenheim Collection)


Pullman-Standard built the entirety of the equipment pool for the 1938 lightweight re-equipping, with the exception of two dining cars which were rebuilt in PRR's Altoona shops. The equipment delivered included eight 18-roomette sleeping cars; two sleeper-bar-lounges; four 4-compartment, 2-drawing room, 4-double bedroom sleeping cars; two 13-double bedroom sleeping cars; and two View series sleeper-buffet-lounge-observation cars. The dining car seated 24 at tables (in both 1x1 and 2x2 configurations) and featured a small bar at one end with seating for two. The sleeper-bar-lounge included a secretary's room, barber shop, shower-bath, and a bar/lounge with both booth and chair seating.

The Broadway Limited received additional Pullman equipment in 1949. This included Harbor Cove and Harbor Rest, sleeper-bar-lounges with three double bedrooms, and Mountain View and Tower View, sleeper-buffet-lounge-observation cars with two master rooms and a double bedroom. The Broadway Limited received coaches for the first time in 1967, when it merged with the General. Under PC the train carried "two or more coaches, two lounges, twin-unit diner, and four sleepers." This was better than most remaining passenger trains, which often had only two-three cars.

Sample consist No. 1 - 1938 equipment
City-series sleeping car (18 roomettes)
Harbor-series sleeper-bar-lounge (2 double bedrooms)
Heavyweight dining car
Imperial-series sleeping car (4 compartments, 2 drawing rooms, 4 double bedrooms)
County-series sleeping car (13 double bedrooms)
View-series sleeper-buffet-lounge-observation (2 master rooms, 1 double bedroom)

Sample consist No. 2 - 1949 equipment
Inn-series sleeping car (21 roomettes)
Creek Series sleeping car (12 duplex bedrooms, 4 double bedrooms
Imperial-series sleeping car (4 compartments, 2 drawing rooms, 4 double bedrooms)
Harbor-series sleeper-bar-lounge (2 double bedrooms)
Twin-unit dining car
Rapids-series sleeping car (10 roomettes, 6 double bedrooms)
View-series sleeper-buffet-lounge-observation (2 master rooms, 1 double bedroom)


PRR 5853 Mountain View or Tower View (2MR-1DB PS) on the westbound Broadway Limited at Englewood Union Station, Chicago, IL, the morning of April 21, 1965. Click to enlarge. (© Photo by Marty Bernard, All Rights Reserved, Used by Permission,


PRR Mountain View and Tower View Diagram. Click to enlarge. (© Image courtesy Marty Bernard, All Rights Reserved, Used by Permission,


0 mi / 0 km - New York City
10.0 mi / 16.1 km - Newark
85.9 mi / 138.2 km - North Philadelphia
111.4 mi / 179.3 km - Paoli
194.6 mi / 313.2 km - Harrisburg
325.4 mi / 523.7 km - Altoona
439.3 mi / 707 km - Pittsburgh
628.1 mi / 1010.8 km - Crestline
759.7 mi / 1222.6 km - Fort Wayne
900.7 mi / 1449.5 km - Englewood
907.7 mi / 1460.8 km - Chicago Union Station



Predecessor: Pennsylvania Special
First service: November 14, 1912
Last service: September 9, 1995
Successor: Three Rivers
Former operators: Pennsylvania Railroad (1912–1968); Penn Central (1968–1971); Amtrak (1971–1995)
Route Termini: New York, New York / Chicago, Illinois
Distance traveled: 907.7 miles (1,460.8 km)
Service frequency: Daily
Line used: Main Line (Pennsylvania Railroad)
On-board services
Seating arrangements: no coach; all Pullman car
Sleeping arrangements: roomettes, double bedrooms, compartments
Catering facilities: dining car
Baggage facilities: none (1954, 1964)
Timetable numbers: 28: eastbound, 29: westbound


A Broadway Limited Brochure from 1949. Click on image to download a PDF file. (Public domain via


A 1964 Broadway Limited Menu. Click image to download a PDF file. (Public domain via

A PRR ad from 1946 featuring artwork by Grif Teller. Click to enlarge. (PRR , Public domain via W. Lenheim Collection)