B&O 1462 (E8A) with train No. 7, the westbound Diplomat, at Akron, Ohio, between 1964 and 1970. Click to enlarge.

(Roger Puta, courtesy Marty Bernard, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)



For the Baltimore–Chicago train, see Shenandoah (B&O train).

The Diplomat was a named passenger train of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) during the 1930s–1950s connecting New York City and St. Louis, Missouri, via Washington, D.C. Other B&O trains on the route during that period were the premier National Limited and the workhorse Metropolitan Special. The train was inaugurated in August 1930 after several changes to trains along the St. Louis Route. After World War II, the Diplomat operated as Train No. 3 westbound, and No. 4 eastbound. It was timed to provide connections to several western railroads that terminated in St. Louis, including the Frisco, the Santa Fe, Cotton Belt and Missouri Pacific, among others.

B&O's New York terminal was actually in Jersey City, New Jersey, using the New Jersey Central's Jersey City terminal. Passengers were then transferred to buses that met the train right on the platform. These buses were then ferried across the Hudson River to Manhattan, where they proceeded to various "stations" including the Vanderbilt Hotel, Wanamaker's, Columbus Circle, and Rockefeller Center, as well as Brooklyn.


B&O 1462 (E8A) switching out a mail car from train No. 7, the westbound Diplomat, at Deshler, Ohio between 1964 and 1970. Click to enlarge. (Roger Puta, courtesy Marty Bernard, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)


B&O 1462 (E8A) with train No. 7, the westbound Diplomat, at the P&LE Station in Pittsburgh, ca. 1964-70. Click to enlarge. (Roger Puta, courtesy Marty Bernard, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)


Station - State
New York (Rockefeller Center) (bus) - New York
New York (42nd Street Station) (bus) - New York
Brooklyn (bus) - New York
New York (Columbus Circle Station) (bus) - New York
Jersey City (Communipaw Terminal) (train) - New Jersey
Elizabeth (CNJ's Elizabeth Station) - New Jersey
Wayne Junction station - Pennsylvania
Philadelphia (Chestnut Street Station) - Pennsylvania
Wilmington - Delaware
Baltimore (Mt. Royal Station) - Maryland
Baltimore (Camden Station) - Maryland
Washington (Union Station) District of Columbia
Cumberland (Queen City Station) - Maryland
Parkersburg - West Virginia
Athens station - Ohio
Chillicothe - Ohio
Cincinnati (Union Terminal) - Ohio
Louisville (Central Station) (secondary branch of the train) - Kentucky
St. Louis (Union Station) - Missouri


Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) system map in 1960, with the route of the Diplomat highlighted in orange.

The dotted line segment between Baltimore, Maryland and New York City operated only until April 26, 1958. Click to enlarge.

(Compiled by J G Howes from various B&O media guide artwork published March 1, 1960 without copyright notice. Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)


Route and schedule

In 1947, westbound Diplomat Train No. 3 operated on the following schedule (departure times at principal stops shown):

City - Departure time
New York, NY (Rockefeller Center) - 1:15 p.m.
New York, NY (42nd Street Station) - 1:25 p.m.
Brooklyn, NY - 1:20 p.m.
New York, NY (Columbus Circle Station) - 1:20 p.m.
Jersey City, NJ (Communipaw Terminal) - 2:15 p.m.
Elizabeth, NJ (CNJ's Elizabeth Station) - 2:32 p.m.
Wayne Junction, PA station (transfer station for Reading Railway trains) - 3:43 p.m.
Philadelphia, PA (Chestnut Street Station) - 3:58 p.m.
Wilmington, DE - 4:27 p.m.
Baltimore, MD - (Mt. Royal Station) 5:46 p.m.
Baltimore, MD - (Camden Station) 5:54 p.m.
Washington, DC - (Union Station) 7:00 p.m.
Cincinnati, OH (Union Terminal) - 8:05 a.m.
Louisville, KY - (Central Station) (via connection at Cincinnati) 10:35 a.m.
St. Louis, MO (Union Station) - 2:55 p.m.

Source: Baltimore and Ohio System Timetable, July 6, 1947


B&O 1462 (E8A) with train No. 7, the westbound Diplomat, at Deshler, Ohio, ca. 1964-1970. Click to enlarge.

(Roger Puta, courtesy Marty Bernard, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)


Discontinuation of New York Service

After the B&O's discontinuation of passenger service to New York on April 26, 1958, the eastern terminus of the Diplomat was Washington, D.C. Unfortunately, the B&O was never in a position to directly compete against the much faster and more populous routes the New York Central and Pennsylvania Railroad trains used between New York and St. Louis. Instead, the B&O concentrated on service, and won consistent loyalty from business travelers and the general public alike. However, the B&O suffered from a lack of large population centers along the route. Only Cincinnati, Ohio, represented a truly large city big enough between Washington and St. Louis that could add a significant amount of passenger traffic.

The B&O discontinued service between Cincinnati and Baltimore on September 17, 1960, leaving a rump train between St. Louis and Cincinnati. The B&O discontinued the train altogether on April 30, 1961, leaving the National Limited to handle passengers on the route.

The Diplomat was equipped with a dining car, lounge car, and Pullman sleeping cars, in addition to coaches.


Promotional piece about the coach accommodations on trains The National Limited and The Diplomat from the

Baltimore and Ohio railroad's employee magazine from August 1938. Click to enlarge.

(Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons)


Altered revival of the Diplomat

By the end of 1964, the B&O revived the train, but with a new itinerary. It would now travel as No. 7 from Washington, D.C.'s Union Station to Chicago, Illinois' Grand Central Station, and as No. 8 in the east-bound direction. Major intermediate stops for this route's itinerary northwest of Maryland included Pittsburgh, Youngstown, Akron and Gary.

Amenities in equipment consisted of, in addition to coaches: roomette / double bedroom sleeping cars, dining-lounge car and a dining car. Schedules advertised a connection in Deshler, Ohio to the B&O's Cincinnatian bound for Toledo and Detroit. Passengers making the Washington-bound trip would take the Night Express from Detroit. However, in 1966, catering was simplified to a food bar coach. 1968 was the final year that the Diplomat appeared. In the final years approaching the termination of B&O passenger service, the Capitol Limited was the only remaining Washington-Chicago B&O train.



Service type: Inter-city rail
Status Discontinued
Locale: Mid-Atlantic United States; Midwestern United States
First service: 1930, 1964 (2nd incarnation, new route)
Last service: 1961, 1968 (2nd incarnation)
Former operators: Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
Route Termini: Jersey City, New Jersey / St. Louis, Missouri; 2nd incarnation: Washington, D.C. / Chicago, Illinois
Service frequency: Daily
Train numbers: 3 (westbound), 4 (eastbound)
On-board services
Seating arrangements: Coaches
Sleeping arrangements: Sleeping cars
Catering facilities: Dining car
Observation facilities: Lounge car
Track gauge 4 ft 8+1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)