Hartford Line train heading southbound through Hartford Union Station on opening day, June 16, 2018.

(Jehochman, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons)



CT Rail, stylized as CTrail, is the brand for commuter rail services overseen by the Connecticut Department of Transportation (CTDOT), in the U.S. state of Connecticut, with some service extending into Massachusetts. CTDOT oversees two lines: Shore Line East, between New Haven and New London, Connecticut, and the Hartford Line, from New Haven, through Hartford, to Springfield, Massachusetts.

Services are operated under contract, with Shore Line East operated by Amtrak along the Northeast Corridor, and the Hartford Line operated by a joint venture of TransitAmerica Services and Alternate Concepts. CT Rail trains, along with other CTDOT rail operations, use the reporting mark CNDX.



CT Rail operates two commuter rail lines: the Hartford Line and Shore Line East. Both lines utilize portions of the Northeast Corridor, with most trains terminating at Union Station in New Haven.


Hartford Line

The Hartford Line runs between New Haven Union Station in New Haven and Springfield Union Station in Springfield. The line is a joint venture between the Connecticut Department of Transportation and the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT). Service began on June 16, 2018. CT Rail Hartford Line tickets are also accepted on Amtrak's Hartford Line, however, the Vermonter inter-city service does not participate despite running along the same route. The majority of the Hartford Line's route is along the New Haven–Springfield Line, with two stations in New Haven, Union Station and State Street, being on the Northeast Corridor.


GE P40DC. (East Coast Railfan, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons)

EMD GP40-33H. (Pi.1415926535, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons)

Mafersa Coach. (Pi.1415926535, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons)

MBB Coach. (Pi.1415926535, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons)

Kawasaki M8 Railcar. (Pi.1415926535, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons)

Rolling stock

CT Rail uses the following rolling stock for its commuter rail operations: All Electric Multiple Unit cars are used on the electrified Shore Line East running on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor while locomotive hauled trains with passenger coaches are used on Amtrak's non-electrified Hartford Line. M8 electric cars are shared between Shore Line East and Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line.



Builder Model Active Road numbers Year built Year Rebuilt Year acquired Notes
GE P40DC 12 6700–6711 1993 2018–2024 2005, 2015 Ex-Amtrak.
EMD GP40-3H 6 6694–6699 1971 2017-2019 1996


Builder Model Active Road numbers Year built Year Rebuilt Year acquired Notes
Mafersa Coaches and Cab Cars 33 1701–1719 (cab cars, odd numbers only) 1730–1774 (coach cars, even numbers only) 1991–1992 2004 2004 Ex-Virginia Railway Express. Used for Hartford Line Service.
MBB (Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm) Coaches 16 501, 503, 505, 508, 509, 516, 517, 522, 526, 527, 528, 532, 1505, 1509, 1518, 1520 1988 2017-2018 2017-2018 Leased from MBTA.

Electric Multiple Units

Builder Model Active Road numbers Year built Year Rebuilt Year acquired Notes
Kawasaki M8 Railcar 471 9100–9474 2011–2015, 2019–2022 N/A 2011–2022 Used for Shore Line East service

Future rolling stock

In August 2023, CTDOT approved a $315 million contract with Alstom for 60 single-level passenger cars. The cars will replace the existing coach fleet on the Hartford Line along with the Metro-North Waterbury Branch and Danbury Branch. Deliveries are expected to begin in 2026.



A CT Rail map.

(Wikimedia | © OpenStreetMap)



Owner: Connecticut Department of Transportation (CTDOT)
Locale: Connecticut and Western Massachusetts
Transit type: Commuter rail
Number of lines: 2
Number of stations: 22
Daily ridership: 4,255 (2019)
Annual ridership: 1,410,500 (2019)
Website: ctrail.com
Began operation: 1990
Operators: TransitAmerica Services and Alternate Concepts (Hartford Line) / Amtrak (Shore Line East)
Reporting marks: CNDX
System length: 121 miles (195 km)
Track gauge: 4 ft 8+1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge